The main indication of ACL reconstruction surgery is symptomatic instability following ACL injury. The aim of ACL reconstruction surgery is to restore the functional stability of the knee without compromising other joint functions.

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Various techniques may be used eg. Patella tendon or hamstring graft. The graft substance could be:

Autograft: Involves the grafting of bone or tissue from the patient’s body. The patella tendon, hamstrings and achilles tendon are autografts used.

Allograft: is the use of bone or tissue from a donor’s (typically a cadaver) body.

  • Improved knee stability
  • Improved function / mobility
  • Reduced pain
  • Full recovery and return to sport may take up to twelve months
  • Infection
  • Bleeding
  • Nerve damage
  • Deep vein thrombosis
  • Pulmonary embolism
  • Persistent / Recurrent pain
  • Recurrent symptoms including locking, swelling, instability
  • Failure of graft
  • Persistent / recurrent joint crepitus
  • Altered sensation in the knee post-operatively/li>

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